The Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) is a planning charge, introduced by the Planning Act 2008 as a tool for local authorities in England and Wales to help deliver infrastructure to support the development of their area. It came into force on 6 April 2010 through the Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations 2010. The charge is levied on new buildings and extensions to buildings according to their floor area. In this way money is raised from developments to help Leeds City Council pay for infrastructure such as schools, public transport improvements, greenspace, highways, and other facilities to ensure sustainable growth. It can only be spent on infrastructure needs as a result of new growth and will be a mandatory charge. The CIL will replace the Leeds Section 106 ‘tariff’ approaches which are currently used for this purpose. S106s will continue to be used for affordable housing and anything required for the specific development site to make it acceptable in planning terms. ‘Infrastructure’ has a very wide definition and includes transport, flood defences, schools, health and social care facilities, parks and green spaces, cultural and sports facilities as well as maintenance and improvement of facilities affected by development. The Regulations specify that CIL cannot be spent on affordable housing, and must only be spent on infrastructure required as a result of new growth. In prioritising the spending of the CIL, the LCC will need to balance neighbourhood funding with funding of strategic infrastructure. There will need to be close working with communities through neighbourhood planning, the Site Allocations Plan, and other mechanisms to determine local infrastructure priorities. The Regulations specify that there is a duty to pass on (as a minimum) a ‘meaningful proportion’ of the funds raised through the levy to a parish or town council for the area where the development that gave rise to the payment takes place. This aims to ensure that where a neighbourhood accepts new development, it receives money for infrastructure to help it manage those impacts, and the local community has control over identifying their infrastructure priorities. The meaningful proportion for neighbourhoods that have an adopted neighbourhood plan is 25% of the CIL revenue from that area. Areas without a neighbourhood plan will receive 15% of the revenue, and this will be capped at £100 per existing dwelling in that area. The meaningful proportion can be spent on: (a) “The provision, improvement, replacement, operation or maintenance of infrastructure; or, (b) Anything else that is concerned with addressing the demands that development places on an area”